and HISTORICAL PLACES
Velikii Novgorod (Novgorod the Great) -is a unique city.
You would not find that many architectural treasures of XI
- XVII centuries in anyone of oldest Russian cities.
Grandiose and sublime are
buildings of noble period: main cathedral - cathedral of Sophia Novgorodskaja
(Sophia of Novgorod)
(1045-1052 yy.), St. Nicolas cathedral on Yaroslav's court (1113y.), cathedral
of Nativity in Antoniev monastery (monastery of St. Anthony) (1117y.) and
cathedral of St. Georgi in Yuriev monastery (1119 y.). They illustrate Novgorod
school architecture of early period.
From the beginning of XII century and until consolidation
with Moscow in 1478, Novgorod was middleage republic, whose architecture can be
seen in one of the St. Nicolas church on Lipnia (1292y.), church of Saviour on
Kovaliov (1345y.), church of Nativity in Perynsky skit (Perynsky monastery) (end
of XII - beg. of XIII c.).
Classic type of Novgorod church of Novgorod republic
golden age can be illustrated with cathedral of Theodor Stratilat on Ruchey (on
Brook) (1360-1361yy.), cathedral of St. Peter and Paul in Kogevniki (1406
y.), cathedral of Savior on Ilin (1374y.), which frescos were made by Pheophan
Walls and towers of Novgorod kremlin, also called
were built In 1484-1490 yy. They appeared to look great with open space of river
Volhov, on the bank of which they were built, as well as with contemporary
Novgorod architecture takes a big part in European art, it
has its own character and artistic completeness.
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